Green Book Details The “Y” appears in the Green Book from 1948 to 1967 at 962 (W.) Federal St. in Youngstown under the category Restaurants. See also Youngstown YMCA. Additional information coming soon.
Green Book Details 40 Club appears in the Green Book from 1946 to 1955, variously listed at 369 or 399 E. Federal St. in Youngstown under the category Night Clubs. Additional information coming soon.
Green Book Details 50505 appears in the Green Book in 1950-51 at 454 W. Federal (St.) in Youngstown under the category Night Clubs. Additional information coming soon.
A. A. Social Club was open at least from 1944 to 1955 and likely longer. As of 1945 its owner was George Davis and its manager was James Caldwell. Green Book Details A. A. Social appears in the Green Book from 1950 to 1955 at 703 W. Rayen Ave. in Youngstown under the category Night […]
Green Book Details Alberta’s Beauty Shop appears in the Green Book from 1946 to 1955 at 8203 Cedar Ave. under the category Beauty Parlors. Additional information coming soon.
Alhambra Bowling Co. was located in the Euclid-105th Market building. It was reported for discriminatory treatment of Black bowlers in 1940. By the late 1950s it was known for its Algerian Lounge, which hosted African American musical acts. Additional information coming soon. Resources “Call-Post Columnist Wins Cash for Bowling Jim-Crow.” Call & Post. February 1, […]
Green Book Details Allen’s appears in the Green Book from 1947 to 1955 at 43 N. Howard St. in Akron under the category Barber Shops. Additional information coming soon.
Green Book Details Amoco appears in the Green Book from 1947 to 1955 at Ashbury & E. 105th St. in the category Service Stations. No further information is available.
The Apex Club was a private Black social club located on Aurora Road (Route 43) near Bedford for a short time in 1936-37. Club president Charles V. Carr was a very prominent African American attorney during this time. Carr’s success led him to be a city councilman later in his life. The club featured both […]
Art’s Seafood House was located at 9809 Cedar Avenue. Operated by Art Williams, its slogan was “If it swims, we have it.” Additional information coming soon.
Green Book Details B. H. Tapisco appears in the Green Book from 1939 to 1946 at 115 W. 17th St. in Lorain under the category Tourist Homes. Additional information coming soon.
Babe’s Baby Grand Lounge at 5522 Euclid Avenue originally opened in 1959 as Babe’s Harlem Cafe. It was among the earliest Black-owned businesses on Euclid Avenue. Proprietor Babe Brondfield had previously operated Club Congo on Woodland Avenue until it burned in 1957. He then started operating the Harlem Cafe, located almost in the shadow of […]
Green Book Details Bagnet appears in the Green Book from 1950 to 1960 at 316 Covington (St.) in Youngstown under the category Restaurants. Additional information coming soon.
Bama’s Bar-B-Q was a barbecue restaurant owned by J. H. James at Cedar Avenue and East 86th Street in the 1930s-40s. In 1941 the owner gave up half of his space for Yee’s Chop Suey and became solely a takeout spot. By the postwar years Bama’s also manufactured and sold its hot sauce to local […]
Green Book Details Barbe’s appears in the Green Book in 1939-41 and 1947-49 at 525 Cherry Ave. S. E. in Canton under the category Barber Shops. Additional information coming soon.
Green Book Details Beauty Salon appears in the Green Book from 1939 to 1949 at 70 N. Howard St. in Akron under the category Beauty Parlors. Additional information coming soon.
Bedford Reservation in the Cleveland metropolitan park system was occasionally referenced as a picnic spot used by African Americans in the 1930s. Later, in 1962, despite many years of Black horseback riding on the Bedford Reservation’s bridle paths, the Black Beauty Riding Club refused to rent its horses to African Americans, claiming that “99 percent […]
Green Book Details Belmont appears in the Green Book from 1953 to 1964 at 327 Belmont Ave. in Youngstown under the category Tourist Homes. Additional information coming soon.
Green Book Details Ben’s appears in the 1947 Green Book at 834 E. 105th St. in the category Garages. No further information is available.
Green Book Details Benjamin’s appears in the Green Book from 1946 to 1955 at E. 55th St. & Central under the category Drug Stores. Additional information coming soon.
The farm of George and Emma Biles on Route 91 in Solon was described as a “thickly wooded section” and was variously noted as having 148 or 160 acres. The Biles family leased the farm as tenants from John C. Jackson, a white landowner in Chagrin Falls, in 1939. It was the location for some […]
Green Book Details Blackburn’s Apartments appears in the Green Book in 1939 and 1940 at 719 Keystone St. in Alliance under the category Hotels. Additional information coming soon.
The Blue Grass Club opened in 1944 on the second floor of a building at 2173 East 55th Street just south of Cedar Avenue. Owned by high roller Benny Mason (also the proprietor of Mason’s Farm in Solon) and Rodger Price (who also owned the Log Cabin and later opened United Recreation, the city’s first […]
Green Book Details Blue Haven Cafe appears in the Green Book from 1963 to 1967 at 371 E. Federal (St.) in Youngstown under the category Restaurants. Additional information coming soon.
Brady Lake was an amusement park and leisure destination along Brady Lake between Kent and Ravenna, Ohio. It opened in 1898 and was regionally popular into the mid-20th century. Brady Lake attracted African American leisure-seekers in the interwar years. An article in 1935 about a jazz concert noted that Brady Lake “will be turned over […]
Located about a thirty-minute drive south of Cleveland, Breezy-Air Country Club opened in 1947 on Ledge Road off old Route 8 between Northfield and Macedonia and about one mile from Sportsman’s Park. The country club boasted sixty acres of rolling farmland and was an ideal place for summer. The property was home to the former […]
Sadie Brooks operated Brooks’ Grille on Akron’s North Howard Street. Green Book Details Brooks’ Grille appears as “Brook’s” in the Green Book from 1939 to 1953 at 42 N. Howard St. in Akron under the category Taverns. Additional information coming soon. Resources Brooks’ Grille ad. Call & Post. December 24, 1936.
Brownwood Acres was the country estate of Dr. Stanley and Viola Brown of Glenville. It was located in Shalersville Township north of Ravenna and hosted a number of picnics and social outings in the late 1940s to mid 1950s. The estate suffered significant damage in a 1956 tornado. Additional information coming soon.
Located in Furnace Run Metro Park, Brushwood Lake was one of two public parks in Summit County (the other being Virginia Kendall Park) whose swimming areas were open to African Americans in the mid 20th century. Brushwood’s swimming area operated only for a few years in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Additional information coming […]
Arthur L. Bryant was born in Georgia and attended school in Chattanooga, Tennessee. In 1922 he moved to Cleveland and opened his first barber shop at 9402 Cedar Avenue. When the business needed room to expand, Bryant moved in 1934 to 9808 Cedar, where it shared an entryway with the adjacent Lucky Bar. In addition […]
When we think of historically Black beaches, Atlantic coastal resorts usually come to mind, including American Beach near Jacksonville, Highland Beach outside Baltimore and Washington, and Atlantic Beach near Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. But in the early 20th century, African Americans in the Great Lakes region also sought out their own lakeshore beaches, including on […]
Green Book Details C. McQueen’s appears in the Green Book in 1940 and 1941 at 645 Moon St. in Akron under the category Tourist Homes. Additional information coming soon.
Cafe Society opened in 1945 at 966 E. 105th Street. Advertising itself as “Glenville’s swankiest,” Cafe Society featured a circular bar. The club was a mainstay for jazz music into the 1980s. The building is one of a rare few Cleveland Green Book sites that still stands today, housing the Khnemu Foundation Lighthouse Outreach Center. […]
Cafe Tia Juana opened in 1947 and was in operation until 1969. Cafe Tia Juana was located in Cleveland’s Glenville neighborhood. Located at 1045 East 105th Street, Cafe Tia Juana was a safe place for African American travelers as well as residents of the Glenville neighborhood to grab a drink and watch numerous jazz musicians […]
Camp Cheerful opened in 1945 by the Society for Crippled Children as the nation’s first camp designed especially for children with disabilities. It is located in Mill Stream Run Reservation near Strongsville. In its early years the camp operated on a segregated basis but eventually integrated its programs. Additional information coming soon. Resources “Handicapped Youth […]
Camp Cleveland, now known as Camp George Forbes, is located at 25440 Harvard Road in Highland Hills. Additional information coming soon.
Camp Merriam was located on a bluff overlooking Lake Erie near On-Erie Beach at Lorain, Ohio. It was operated by the Phillis Wheatley Association. According to the Hackley & Harrison’s Hotel and Apartment Guide for Colored Travelers (1930), it was located at Stop 110 along West Erie Avenue rather than at 110 W. Erie as […]
Camp Mueller is located on Akron-Peninsula Road in the Cuyahoga Valley National Park north of Cuyahoga Falls and was started by the Phillis Wheatley Association in 1939 as an interracial camp for inner-city children. Additional information coming soon. Resources “Phillis Wheatley Association.” Cleveland Historical. https://clevelandhistorical.org/items/show/19. Phillis Wheatley Association (Oral History Collection). Cleveland Voices. https://clevelandvoices.org/collections/show/58. Vasarhelyi, […]
Camp Robin Hood was a camp near Burton in Geauga County that opened in 1937 to serve the children of unionized workers regardless of race or creed. At some point it moved to a site along the Grand River near Geneva but appears to have have closed before 1950. Additional information coming soon.
Carnegie Hotel was located at 6803 Carnegie Avenue. Hotel owners Earnestine and Eddie Eadie sold their interests in the sixty-room hostelry in 1947 to Alonzo Wright, who also operated the Majestic Hotel on East 55th Street. The former manager of the Blue Grass Club and Mason’s Farm took charge of operating the hotel’s Blue Room […]
Cassie Moore opened Cassie’s Lunch in 1940 at 2284 East 55th Street across the street from the Majestic Hotel. Within two years it was renamed Cassie’s Restaurant and expanded to 24-hour-a-day service. In 1945, Moore turned over the management of Cassie’s to Jimmy Smith, and a second location specializing in barbecue opened two years later […]
Green Book Details Catherine appeared in the Green Book in 1939 as “Catherine” at 102 Lincoln Way East in Massillon under the category Beauty Parlors. The actual location appears to have been 102 Lincoln Way West, according to the 1940 Massillon City Directory. Additional information coming soon.
The Cedar Branch YMCA, located at Cedar Avenue and East 77th Street, always helped the young men in its community even with often limited resources. The first Cedar Branch YMCA building was constructed in 1879 and was rented from the Lend-a-Hand Mission in 1921. The YMCA purchased the building two years later along with an […]
In 1935, Benjamin “Benny” Mason purchased a 160-acre farm in Solon on Cochran Road south of Route 43 and established what became known as “Mason’s Farm,” a popular resort, country club, and jazz venue. A well-known game operator, Mason purchased the farm and the Cedar Country Club subsequently opened in 1936. Upon the farm’s opening, […]
Cedar Gardens was a restaurant and night spot that achieved regional and even national renown as a “black and tan” club in the 1930s and 1940s. Jacob Hecht opened Cedar Gardens at 9706 Cedar Avenue in January 1934. Hecht, who was White, had hired 65 employees by 1937, all of whom were Black. He turned […]
Centerville Mills Camp was located in Bainbridge Township north of Aurora. The Cedar Branch YMCA in Cleveland held summer camps there each summer. Like the other regional YMCA campground, River Road Camp, Centerville Mills segregated campers by schedule, offering white campers their choice of multiple weeks but allowing just one week each summer for African […]
The Central Avenue Public Baths building still stands at 2526 Central Avenue. It housed a pool that was one of only two in the city where African American swimmers were openly welcome in the earlier decades of the 20th century. More information coming soon.
Green Book Details Central Restaurant appears as “Central” in the Green Book from 1950 to 1967 at 137 S. Center St. in Youngstown under the category Restaurants. Additional information coming soon.