All Locations

Alhambra Bowling Center

Alhambra Bowling Co. was located in the Euclid-105th Market building. It was reported for discriminatory treatment of Black bowlers in 1940. Additional information coming soon. Resources “Call-Post Columnist Wins Cash for Bowling Jim-Crow.” Call & Post. February 1, 1941.

Bedford Reservation

Bedford Reservation in the Cleveland metropolitan park system was occasionally referenced as a picnic spot used by African Americans in the 1930s. Later, in 1962, despite many years of Black horseback riding on the Bedford Reservation’s bridle paths, the Black Beauty Riding Club refused to rent its horses to African Americans, claiming that “99 percent […]

Biles Farm

The farm of Mr. & Mrs. George Biles on Route 91 in Solon was described as a “thickly wooded section” and was variously noted as having 148 or 160 acres. The Biles family leased the farm as tenants from John C. Jackson, a white landowner in Chagrin Falls, in 1939. It was the location for […]

Brady Lake

Brady Lake was an amusement park and leisure destination along Brady Lake between Kent and Ravenna, Ohio. It opened in 1898 and was regionally popular into the mid-20th century. Brady Lake attracted African American leisure-seekers in the interwar years. Additional information coming soon.

Brushwood Lake

Located in Furnace Run Metro Park, Brushwood Lake was one of two public parks in Summit County (the other being Virginia Kendall Park) whose swimming areas were open to African Americans in the mid 20th century. Brushwood’s swimming area operated only for a few years in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Additional information coming […]

Cafe Tia Juana

Cafe Tia Juana was a jazz club that opened in 1947, replacing Solomon’s Gold Bar at 1045 East 105th Street. Cafe Tia Juana remained until closing in 1969. An earlier Tia Juana Cafe (a Mexican restaurant) at 2134 East 55th Street in the Cedar-Central neighborhood in the early 1940s does not seem to have been […]

Camp Cheerful

Camp Cheerful opened in 1945 by the Society for Crippled Children as the nation’s first camp designed especially for children with disabilities. It is located in Mill Stream Run Reservation near Strongsville. In its early years the camp operated on a segregated basis but eventually integrated its programs. Additional information coming soon. Resources “Handicapped Youth […]

Camp Mueller

Camp Mueller is located on Akron-Peninsula Road in the Cuyahoga Valley National Park north of Cuyahoga Falls and was started by the Phillis Wheatley Association in 1939 as an interracial camp for inner-city children. Additional information coming soon. Resources “Phillis Wheatley Association.” Cleveland Historical. https://clevelandhistorical.org/items/show/19. Phillis Wheatley Association (Oral History Collection). Cleveland Voices. https://clevelandvoices.org/collections/show/58.

Carnegie Hotel

Carnegie Hotel appears in the Green Book from 1946-1947, 1949-1950, and 1954-1967 at 6903 Carnegie Ave. under the category Hotels. The correct address was 6803 Carnegie Ave. Hotel owners Earnestine and Eddie Eadie sold their interests in the sixty-room hostelry in 1947 to Alonzo Wright, who also operated the Majestic Hotel on East 55th Street. […]

Cedar Branch YMCA

Cedar Branch YMCA appears in the Green Book from 1938-1967 (with the exception of 1947) at E. 76th St. & Cedar under the category Hotels. Additional information coming soon. Resources “Search Results [Cedar Branch YMCA].” Cleveland Memory. https://clevelandmemory.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/search/searchterm/Cedar%20Branch%20YMCA. “Young Men’s Christian Assn.” Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. https://case.edu/ech/articles/y/young-mens-christian-assn.

Chestnut Beach

Chestnut Beach hosted various organizations’ outings and offered outdoor recreation and dancing. In 1937, it hosted the “All Ohio-Pennsylvania Negro outing.” The precise location is unclear. It was described as being “reached via route 8 and route 526.” The latter highway, now defunct, ran from East Akron through Mogadore to Route 43 in Suffield Township. […]

Chippewa Valley Camp

Located on Riverview Road in the Brecksville Reservation of the Cleveland Metroparks, Chippewa Valley Camp was home to the Playhouse Settlement (Karamu House)’s summer camp from 1923 to 1947. The camp was part of a broader collaboration between the Cleveland Metropolitan Park Board and the Cleveland Welfare Federation. Additional information coming soon. Resources Raponi, Richard. […]

Circle Theatre

Circle Theatre was located at 10208 Euclid Avenue in the city’s so-called “second downtown” that centered on Euclid and E. 105th. The theater opened as the Hoffman in 1920, became the Circle in 1927, and operated until 1959. In the 1950s, as the adjacent Hough neighborhood transitioned to a majority Black area, the entertainment businesses […]

Craig Beach

Craig Beach was a small amusement park, beach, and picnic ground along the western shore of Lake Milton in the northwest corner of Mahoning County. Black patrons frustrated by the Jim Crow policies at Youngstown’s Idora Park traveled eighteen miles to Craig Beach in 1937 for their annual “Negro Day” outing. The Pittsburgh Courier reported […]

Crystal Beach

Crystal Beach was a lakeside amusement park that operated in Vermilion, Ohio, from 1907 to 1962. In 1932, the Cleveland Plain Dealer reported that the Cuyahoga County Lodge of Colored Elks held its annual picnic at Crystal Beach, suggested that African American visitors were able to use at least the picnic grounds at the park. […]


Dearing’s was one of a number of restaurants that Ulysses S. Dearing operated in Cleveland. Originally called Dearing’s Tasty Shop and located at 9615 Cedar Avenue, it moved later to 1035 East 105th Street in Glenville, next door to Cafe Tia Juana. Additional information coming soon.

East 9th Street Pier

East 9th Street Pier was the principal Cleveland dock for passenger ships that plied Lake Erie into the mid-20th century. It was also home to a popular restaurant, Captain Frank’s Seafood House. Additional information coming soon.

Edgewater Park Beach

Edgewater Park Beach is located along the Cleveland Memorial Shoreway west of downtown Cleveland. For much of its history it was racially exclusionary, both for swimmers and boaters. African Americans had to go to Lorain and Sandusky because Cleveland lakefront, including Edgewater, was barred to them for launching boats into the mid-1950s. Additional information coming […]