Not Listed in Green Book

Alhambra Bowling Center

Alhambra Bowling Co. was located in the Euclid-105th Market building. It was reported for discriminatory treatment of Black bowlers in 1940. By the late 1950s it was known for its Algerian Lounge (formerly the Algiers), which hosted African American musical acts. Additional information coming soon. Resources “Call-Post Columnist Wins Cash for Bowling Jim-Crow.” Call & […]

Apex Club

The Apex Club was a private Black social club located on Aurora Road (Route 43) near Bedford for a short time in 1936-37. Club president Charles V. Carr was a very prominent African American attorney during this time. Carr’s success led him to be a city councilman later in his life. The club featured both […]

Babe’s Baby Grand Lounge

Babe’s Baby Grand Lounge at 5522 Euclid Avenue originally opened in 1959 as Babe’s Harlem Cafe. It was among the earliest Black-owned businesses on Euclid Avenue. Proprietor Babe Brondfield had previously operated Club Congo on Woodland Avenue until it burned in 1957. He then started operating the Harlem Cafe, located almost in the shadow of […]

Brady Lake

Brady Lake was an amusement park and leisure destination along Brady Lake between Kent and Ravenna, Ohio. It opened in 1898 and was regionally popular into the mid-20th century. Brady Lake attracted African American leisure-seekers in the interwar years. An article in 1935 about a jazz concert noted that Brady Lake “will be turned over […]

Brownwood Acres

Brownwood Acres was the country estate of Dr. Stanley and Viola Brown of Glenville. It was located in Shalersville Township north of Ravenna and hosted a number of picnics and social outings in the late 1940s to mid 1950s. The estate suffered significant damage in a 1956 tornado. Additional information coming soon.

Cafe Tia Juana

Cafe Tia Juana opened in 1947 and was in operation until 1969. Cafe Tia Juana was located in Cleveland’s Glenville neighborhood.  Located at 1045 East 105th Street, Cafe Tia Juana was a safe place for African American travelers as well as residents of the Glenville neighborhood to grab a drink and watch numerous jazz musicians […]

Camp Cheerful

Camp Cheerful opened in 1945 by the Society for Crippled Children as the nation’s first camp designed especially for children with disabilities. It is located in Mill Stream Run Reservation near Strongsville. In its early years the camp operated on a segregated basis but eventually integrated its programs. Additional information coming soon. Resources “Handicapped Youth […]

Camp Mueller

Camp Mueller is located on Akron-Peninsula Road in the Cuyahoga Valley National Park north of Cuyahoga Falls and was started by the Phillis Wheatley Association in 1939 as an interracial camp for inner-city children. Additional information coming soon. Resources “Phillis Wheatley Association.” Cleveland Historical. Phillis Wheatley Association (Oral History Collection). Cleveland Voices. Vasarhelyi, […]

Camp Robin Hood

Camp Robin Hood was a camp near Burton in Geauga County that opened in 1937 to serve the children of unionized workers regardless of race or creed. At some point it moved to a site along the Grand River near Geneva but appears to have have closed before 1950. Additional information coming soon.

Chestnut Beach

Chestnut Beach hosted various organizations’ outings and offered outdoor recreation and dancing. In 1937, it hosted the “All Ohio-Pennsylvania Negro outing.” The precise location is unclear. It was described as being “reached via route 8 and route 526.” The latter highway, now defunct, ran from East Akron through Mogadore to Route 43 in Suffield Township. […]

Chippewa Valley Camp

Located on Riverview Road in the Brecksville Reservation of the Cleveland Metroparks, Chippewa Valley Camp was home to the Playhouse Settlement (Karamu House)’s summer camp from 1923 to 1947. The camp was part of a broader collaboration between the Cleveland Metropolitan Park Board and the Cleveland Welfare Federation. Additional information coming soon. Resources Raponi, Richard. […]

Clearview Golf Club

Text from Ohio Historical Marker: “Golfer and World War II veteran William J. Powell, excluded from playing on many American golf courses because of his race, overcame the indignity of discrimination by creating his own course. Hand built in two years and opened in 1948, Clearview Golf Club is the first golf course in the […]

Cotton Club

The Cotton Club featured jazz and blues and other entertainment at 2230 East 4th Street. It opened in 1948 and was renamed the Modern Jazz Room in 1957. A highlight was Duke Ellington’s appearance there in 1956. Additional information coming soon. Resources “Duke Ellington Into Cotton Club, Nov. 23.” Call & Post. November 17, 1956.

Craig Beach

Craig Beach was a beach, park, and amusement park area located along Lake Milton to the west of Youngstown. Gaining massive popularity in the 1920s, the location could accommodate thousands of visitors at one time, and was a very popular vacation and resort location for the people of Youngstown, Akron, Cleveland, and Pittsburgh. While the […]


Dearing’s Restaurant, lauded by the Call & Post as “Cleveland’s Pride,” was one of the most popular Black-owned dining establishments in the Midwest. Owned and operated by Ulysses S. (U. S. or “Sweets”) Dearing, the restaurant opened in 1944 at 1035 East 105th Street and was one of several Dearing eateries over the years. The restaurant was beautifully […]

Duchess Hotel

Richard T. Kyers opened the Duchess Hotel in the former Duchess apartment block at 2125 East 79th Street next to his Green Book–listed Kyers Service Station (7901 Cedar Avenue) in the 1940s to meet the surging demand for lodging for Black visitors and newcomers to Cleveland during World War II. Kyers also converted a large […]

Ebony Lounge

Ebony Lounge was located at 6916 Cedar Avenue. Previously Jimmy Frazier’s Caravan Club during the World War II years, the nightspot fell on hard times before prominent Black businessman Alonzo G. Wright financed the business, which reopened as the Ebony Lounge in 1949. When the club’s profits fell short of his expectations, Wright quickly sold […]

Elite Recreation

Elite Recreation was a Black-owned bowling alley at 2111 East 96th Street. In 1941, a white bowling-alley operator, Art Loew, bought a sixteen-year-old auto garage and turned it into Elite Recreation with the promise to welcome African American bowlers. Loew promised to hire Black unionized workers. After three years he sold it to Roland Boyce, […]

Euclid Beach Park

Euclid Beach Park, located in Cleveland’s North Collinwood neighborhood along Lake Erie, was the city’s best-known amusement park for about seven decades. Throughout its history, Euclid Beach was also the site of many confrontations over its policy of racial segregation. Euclid Beach was segregated starting in 1895, its first season, denying African Americans use of […]

Forest Hills Park Pool

Forest Hills Park Pool was located at 12310 Arlington Avenue in the Forest Hills neighborhood between Glenville and Collinwood. The pool was the site of racial threats to Black swimmers in the 1930s-40s. Additional information coming soon. Resources Michney, Todd M. Surrogate Suburbs: Black Upward Mobility and Neighborhood Change in Cleveland, 1900–1980. Chapel Hill: University […]


Gleason’s, variously referred to as Gleason’s Bar, Gleason’s Musical Bar, Gleason’s Cafe, and Gleason’s Restaurant, was a bar and restaurant located at 5219 Woodland Ave., at the corner of Woodland and East 55th Street. It was founded by William “Jap” Gleason in 1944. Prior to opening the restaurant, Gleason had been a manager for Alonzo […]